Balaklava, cape Fiolent (Feolent), cape Ajja, Batiliman and Laspi
Balaklava - small town in the southeast of the earths of Sevastopol which name in Turkish means the Fish Nest (Balyks-lavas). It is located on the bank of the bent picturesque bay reminding a fjord. According to some scientists the bay corresponds to the port description lestrigonov where Ancient Greek hero Odysseus has ostensibly got to time of the wanderings. Balaklava is both unique nature sanctuaries capes Ajja and Fiolent, and romantic ruins of the Genoa fortress Chembalo (since 2002 here began to arrange knightly tournaments, the small museum has opened) and the mysterious ancient temples fanned by poetic legends. Not less legends goes about nemerjannyh treasures of an English frigate "¤Ёшэч" sunk during the Crimean war, in 1854, in the first flight, for what also have nicknamed the ship "ОхЁэ№щ яЁшэч". Then in Balaklavsky battle offsprings of the aristocratic families of Great Britain were lost.
In Balaklave there is a factory of sparkling wines "Гюыю=р срыър" after the Great Patriotic War it was created by experts "¦рёёрэфЁ№" for champagne mass production on the accelerated technology. Natural dry wines of this area including branded, are very good and original. Traditions of winemaking total here more than two and a half thousand years, well and modern vineyards simply please an eye. Certainly, one of the best summer wines, that is approaching for a heat (and very cheap!) Aligote "Гюыю=р срыър" is;. Aroma is not lost even at razbavlenii by potable water or with ice. Perfectly satisfies thirst. Well to sweet fruit and grapes. Fish, mussels and other seafood, and also fruit and grapes necessarily try the local!
In the extreme West of coast where its strip is considerably narrowed and in the south of Geraklejsky peninsula breaks in the sea, it is located cape Fiolent , declared by a nature sanctuary of local value with 1969г. Though in scientific toponymics the writing of Feolent (From Theo is accepted – god), the writing is more often is accepted through "and".
Severe, wild, almost hundred-metre height of a rock are piled up here over the sea. Throughout 2 km the coast is combined izverzhennymi by volcanic breeds (jurskie quartzitic keratofiry), forming a flat dome with leaning on it in the top part ledges of light Sarmatian limestones. In coastal natural boundaries numerous niches, stone haosy, tiny islets, abrasive arches were formed. Especially impresses ostroverhy rock of the m. of Fiolent and Diana's huge grotto. The beauty of the lifeless nature is supplemented with juniper thickets, derzhidereva, lomonosa, an ivy, etc. plants.
From a line Sevastopol – Yalta around village Morozovka (Alsu) opens a kind on the certain thrown open-cast mine romantically reflected by the cases and iron designs in mountain lake. All this industrial magnificence – only expensive scenery and misinformation. Nearby in hills Nishan vrezano the largest underground construction of Crimea. It was under construction in 1979 - 1992 as Z apasnoj command point KCHF. It is executed in the form of the several grandiose underground blocks having from two to five circles and connected among themselves by ladders, transitions and underground roads. The distance between inputs makes more than 600 m. the Total area of underground constructions under the different data from 13 to 17 thousand square metres. It, possibly, also one of the most grandiose monuments of larceny and corruption – the unique military equipment has been disassembled and in the form of scrap metal is sent to Turkey. Now the object is not protected and gradually becomes fashionable object of extreme underground travel.
To the south of Balaklavy acts in the sea rocky cape Ajja (Sacred mountain, grech.), Southern coast of Crimea limiting from the West, with its special, close to the Mediterranean, lines of the nature. Here other climate, other plants suddenly begin. Here to the advanced person becomes clear as it is possible to worship to stones and trees, artists and photographers, contactors, psychics here direct and is simple fans to live stark naked.
Cape Ajja Rocks abruptly break to the sea, places forming grandiose collapses - unapproachable stone haosy. In rock water are rendered habitable by numerous seaweed and molluscs-filtration organisms so water is unusually pure and transparent.
Hillsides are covered unique Submediterranean sosnovo-mozhzhevelovo-zemljanichnikovymi by light forests. A habitat of a relic pine pitsundskoj (Stankevicha) - the largest in Crimea. In total in zakaznike - about 500 kinds of plants, 28 from them are brought in Red books. The picture of the bewitching nature is supplemented with rare species of animals living here: a sea eagle-belohvost, podkovonos, a leopard runner and others.
In 1982 has been created state zakaznik republican value ' "¦№ё +щ ". It occupies the space of 1340 hectares and adjoining water area of 208 hectares. The reserved zone includes m. of Ajja, natural boundary Ajazma, Batiliman and 200-metre water area of the sea adjoining to them. Especial value in its territory is represented by natural boundary Ajazma. endemichnaja the pine of Stankevicha There grows. In Crimea this surprising tree can be seen in two places: here and at coast from the Pike perch and to a New World. In territory zakaznika there are many relic plants: a juniper high, zemljanichnik melkoplodnyj, iglitsa pontijskaja, some kinds orhidnyh. In the red book of Ukraine 28 kinds of plants and 14 kinds of the animals meeting in it zakaznike are brought.
Natural boundaries Batiliman and Laspi on the earths of Sevastopol - already high-grade Juzhnoberezhe. These places name the Crimean Africa for dryness of a climate, a heat and security from winds. Rocky haosy in water look dangerous enough, but shtormit here it is very rare, and water between rocks the cleanest and is filled by a life: among picturesque seaweed mussels hide, crabs and the small fish scurry about. On slopes of mountains evergreen trees clamber, the age of many of which comes nearer to the thousand-year. Aroma of a treelike juniper and vibration of cicadas fill this forgotten world which has been fenced off from a civilisation by steep rocks of almost kilometre height.
On a site between 76th and 79th km of old highway Sevastopol - Yalta, on slopes the Bajdaro-Kastropolsky wall , is one of the highest (to 500-700 m n.ur.m.) refuges zemljanichnika melkoplodnogo. In 1969 it is a refuge it has been declared by a nature sanctuary of local value. The discharged thickets high, to 10-12 m, trees of this valuable kind occupy about 200 hectares.
In addition on the given theme:
Inkerman, Eski-kermen and other cave cities
Northern, the Radio hill, Uchkuevka, Ljubimovka
Orlovka, Kacha, Andreevka and cape Lukull, the Cornel-jar
the Bajdarsky valley